Molecular weight: 1007.2
Oxytocin is a peptide containing 9 amino acids. The compound is a synthesized version of the naturally occurring hormone produced in the hypothalamus. Oxytocin is released by the pituitary gland into the bloodstream. One of the earliest peptides to be sequenced, scientists biochemically synthesized the polypeptide in 1953.
Oxytocin has a molecular mass of 1007.19 and molecular formula C43H66N12O12S2. Oxytocin plays many roles but studies have shown increases in trust and decreases in fear, increasing empathy, and that the hormone may play a role in human bonding and romantic attraction. The primary function of Oxytocin is as a neuromodulator in the brain. Oxytocin is only for use in research and laboratory trials. Researchers are further investigating this peptide’s role in behaviors such as anxiety, pair bonding, social and emotional recognition, and even orgasm.